The main reason why the conflict in Vietnam ended was because of the Anti-War movement in America.
Anti-war protests attracted large crowds, drawing attention to the public’s dissatisfaction with the United States’ involvement in Vietnam War. Many Americans thought their government had misled them by not being honest about the war.
Increased access to uncensored television coverage on the ground in Vietnam added to the increasing anti-Vietnam War sentiment.
Anti-war demonstrators made moral claims against the United States’ participation in Vietnam, in addition to their opposition to the draft. As a result, public pressure to end the war increased.
When more news from the field became available to the American people, public sentiment started to turn against the US’s participation in the conflict.
Many Americans continued to support the war amid the increasing antiwar movement. Hawks supported the war strategy, while doves were against it.
The anti-war movement in the United States was responsible for inspiring Americans to oppose the Vietnam War. People would march to Washington to demonstrate their opposition to the US government’s participation in the conflict.
However, The Tet Offensive changed a lot of Americans’ minds about the Vietnam War. It became an instrumental in eroding public support for the Vietnam War in the United States.
The Tet Offensive was plotted by North Vietnamese leaders in order to gain a decisive victory and put the war to an end.
It was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam.
The Tet Offensive was an attempt to frustrate and force the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War and the strategy finally paid off.
The general public in the United States came to realize that they would not easily win the war, and many questioned whether it was wise to continue. As a result, public opposition to the war in the United States grew.
The anti-war movement in America eventually succeeded in mobilizing enough people to force Congress to end the war.
As pressure to end the merciless war intensified, American officials started to negotiate with North Vietnamese officials to find a way to bring a closure to this bloody war.
In January 1973, President Nixon signed the Paris Peace Accords after dropping a major American pre-condition, that the North Vietnamese withdraw all troops from the South Vietnam before complete US troops withdrawal.
The Paris Peace Accords stipulated that Washington should withdraw all US troops and advisors and dismantle all US bases in Vietnam within 60 days. In exchange, the North Vietnamese agreed to release all US prisoners of war.